He 162 Point d'interrogation Voisin 10 Ca2 Heinkel 162

  He 162 A2

Although an " utopia " of the third Reich, the Volksjäger was in fact a unique and extraordinary airplane:

Nearly 200 were supplied by three assembly factories :

Powered by a BMW 003E-1 jet engine (800 kg thrust), the fuselage is metalic while wing, rudders, ailerons, flaps, fuselage doors, and the nose are made of wood. All this woodwork was performed by numerous small workshops spread around the assembly plants. The jet engine is positioned above the fuselage and blows between the two rudders. The fuel tanks are located in the fuselage and in the wing, the latest built as integral fuel tank, by resin impregnation of the wood structure.

In case of emergency, an ejection seat was supposed to send the pilot clear of the jet intake. A sole Group became operational, equiped with about 30 He 162, the I./JG1 was based in Leck near the Danish border during the closing days of the war, from April 16 to May 8 1945. The airplanes belonging to the Group were involved in some fights such as the loss of Feldwebel Kirchner flying "yellow 2". An other loss happened on April 26 1945, Unteroffizier Rechenbach was shot down above Keck during a fight against a Spitfire.

Moreover, a victory claim was made by 2nd Lt Guy F. Cary of the 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th PRG 9th Airforce on a He 162, 3 km north east of Bernberg, probably an airplane on a ferry or a test flight, from the Jünkers factory. A probable victory by an He 162 (never clearely confirmed) on a Typhoon or Tempest by Lt. Rudolf Schmitt above Rostock flying the "white 1".

  The He 162 n° 120015

The Memorial Flight Association has been asked to restore the He 162 nr 120015 on behalf of the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace. This airplane being one of the last survivors and one the few practicaly complete.

When the British Forces occupied Leck on May 15 1945, they found 27 He 162 on the airfield. Five were turned over to the French in Feb 1946 ; two A-1 version wnr. 310012 "red 7 " and wnr. 310003 "yellow 5" ; three A-2 version, wnr. 120093 "white 2" , wnr. 120223 "yellow 1" and wnr. 120015

The A-2's were flown with french markings from April 1947 to July 1948. Wnr. 120015 was painted in a single colour of grey/beige and bore the nr. 2. It was flown for most of the tests totalling nearly 14 hours on a total amount of 18 hours of flight tests ; each flight lasting approximately 20 to 30 mn ; this enabled about 30 French Air Force pilots to get a glimpse of jet flying, pending the arrival of British Vampires in 1949.

Grounded after the death of Capt. Schienger on the nr 1, the 120015 was sent to the Rochefort-Sur- Mer Air Force mechanics school. It was then repainted "bordeaux-red" and set to the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in 1952 ; its colour changed again to dark green until 1975 when it was given an approximate camouflage paint posing as wnr. 120223.

 The restoration

Restoration status

April 2009 :

The installation of the canopy and radio in the cockpit put an end at the restauraton. A photoscope of the airplane outside will be online soon.

- Follow the restoration in images -

 Restoration details

- Video: Landing gear test

After 60 years, the landing gear is alive again.

- Photoscope

Click on the pictures for more details.
The FUG24 radio and the IFF
The cockpit (partie 2) and the canopy
The cockpit (part 1)
The landing gear bay (front & rear)
The armament bay and the MG151-20 20mm gun
The parachute and et the pilot gears
Gunsight & flare gun
The tail section
The main landing gears and the front landing gear
The wing
The engine and the Riedel
The ammo box and the ejection seat
 Pieces of history

The restoration of such an old machine is also an opportunity to rediscover its history.


Lenght: 9.05 m
Wing span: 7.20 m
Weight (full charge): 2695 kg
Engine: 1 jet engine BMW 003E-1, 800 kgp
Speed: 840 km/h
Endurance: 975 km
Crew: 1
Armment: 2 canon Mauser MG151 20mm