|He 162 A2|
Although an " utopia " of the third Reich, the Volksjäger was in fact a unique and extraordinary airplane:
Nearly 200 were supplied by three assembly factories :
Powered by a BMW 003E-1 jet engine (800 kg thrust), the fuselage is metalic while wing, rudders, ailerons, flaps, fuselage doors, and the nose are made of wood. All this woodwork was performed by numerous small workshops spread around the assembly plants. The jet engine is positioned above the fuselage and blows between the two rudders. The fuel tanks are located in the fuselage and in the wing, the latest built as integral fuel tank, by resin impregnation of the wood structure.
In case of emergency, an ejection seat was supposed to send the pilot clear of the jet intake. A sole Group became operational, equiped with about 30 He 162, the I./JG1 was based in Leck near the Danish border during the closing days of the war, from April 16 to May 8 1945. The airplanes belonging to the Group were involved in some fights such as the loss of Feldwebel Kirchner flying "yellow 2". An other loss happened on April 26 1945, Unteroffizier Rechenbach was shot down above Keck during a fight against a Spitfire.
Moreover, a victory claim was made by 2nd Lt Guy F. Cary of the 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th PRG 9th Airforce on a He 162, 3 km north east of Bernberg, probably an airplane on a ferry or a test flight, from the Jünkers factory. A probable victory by an He 162 (never clearely confirmed) on a Typhoon or Tempest by Lt. Rudolf Schmitt above Rostock flying the "white 1".
|The He 162 n° 120015|
The Memorial Flight Association has been asked to restore the He 162 nr 120015 on behalf of the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace. This airplane being one of the last survivors and one the few practicaly complete.
When the British Forces occupied Leck on May 15 1945, they found 27 He 162 on the airfield. Five were turned over to the French in Feb 1946 ; two A-1 version wnr. 310012 "red 7 " and wnr. 310003 "yellow 5" ; three A-2 version, wnr. 120093 "white 2" , wnr. 120223 "yellow 1" and wnr. 120015
The A-2's were flown with french markings from April 1947 to July 1948. Wnr. 120015 was painted in a single colour of grey/beige and bore the nr. 2. It was flown for most of the tests totalling nearly 14 hours on a total amount of 18 hours of flight tests ; each flight lasting approximately 20 to 30 mn ; this enabled about 30 French Air Force pilots to get a glimpse of jet flying, pending the arrival of British Vampires in 1949.
Grounded after the death of Capt. Schienger on the nr 1, the 120015 was sent to the Rochefort-Sur- Mer Air Force mechanics school. It was then repainted "bordeaux-red" and set to the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in 1952 ; its colour changed again to dark green until 1975 when it was given an approximate camouflage paint posing as wnr. 120223.
April 2009 :
The installation of the canopy and radio in the cockpit put an end at the restauraton. A photoscope of the airplane outside will be online soon.
- Video: Landing gear test
After 60 years, the landing gear is alive again.
Click on the pictures for more details.
|The FUG24 radio and the IFF|
|The cockpit (partie 2) and the canopy|
|The cockpit (part 1)|
|The landing gear bay (front & rear)|
|The armament bay and the MG151-20 20mm gun|
|The parachute and et the pilot gears|
|Gunsight & flare gun|
|The tail section|
|The main landing gears and the front landing gear|
|The engine and the Riedel|
|The ammo box and the ejection seat|
|Pieces of history|
The restoration of such an old machine is also an opportunity to rediscover its history.
After many years of wandering, the He 162 from the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace reveals its true identity. It is an early model of the first batch built under the RLM number 120015.
More details will follow in a specific article.
During the landing gear bay restoration process, we found this pencil writing.
We can read the name and address of a man who apparently worked on this aircraft.
SANDERSDORF / KRS/
We would like to know more about this man or his family, as it is a fantastic part of the history of 120015.
This is also a reminder, planes are not just beautiful pieces of engineering.
If you can get information, contact us .
|Wing span:||7.20 m|
|Weight (full charge):||2695 kg|
|Engine:||1 jet engine BMW 003E-1, 800 kgp|
|Armment:||2 canon Mauser MG151 20mm|